Evidence Based Policy Making v.s. Evidence Informed Policy Making


政府在制定政策的时候往往有两种哲学观:一个是以证据为基础的(evidence based),一个是以证据为参考(evidence informed)。
以证据为基础的时候,你出台的政策必须有证据支持,或者是你在权衡多种因素时,证据有最大的权重。(这里我们不讨论证据本身是否属实的问题)
以证据为参考的时候,你出台的政策是也是受多种因素影响,证据只是普通的因素之一,必须和其他因素竞争来影响政策出台。其他因素包括,法律系统,政党利益,各种利益集团,民众请愿,选民偏好,经济压力等等。
which one do you prefer?
 
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