2013信仰之旅(14): 《启示录》的七个教会之“老底嘉” “非拉铁非” “撒狄” “士每拿”


使徒保罗在他30多岁到50多岁之间,建立了七个教会,分布在罗马帝国的亚细亚行省,也是今天的土耳其的小亚细亚半岛境内。这七个教会分别在老底嘉(Laodecia), 非拉铁非(Philadelphia),撒狄(Sardis),士每拿(Smyrna),推雅推喇(Thyatira),以弗所(Ephesus),别迦摩(Pergamos)。启示录中写道,Revelation 1:10-11 On the Lord’s Day I was in the Spirit, and I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet, which said: “Write on a scroll what you see and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia and Laodicea.”

这七个教会分别预示着:

以弗所——预示初期教会
士每拿——预示巡道教会
别迦摩——预示东正教会
推雅推喇——预示天主公教会
撒狄——更正新教会
非拉铁非——恢复呼召的聚會
老底嘉——停止恢復的教會

Source: http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E4%BA%9E%E8%A5%BF%E4%BA%9E%E7%9A%84%E4%B8%83%E5%80%8B%E6%95%99%E6%9C%83

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1、 老底嘉Laodecia:

 

老底嘉与东边的歌罗西(Colosae)有20公里,与北边的希拉波立(Hieropolis)有10公里。东西两边有迦鲁斯河(Capsrus)和阿索波斯河(Asopus),所以老底嘉水源充沛。

 

保罗第三次布道旅程以以弗所为基地并将福音带到亚细亚,可能包括老底嘉附近的城市。使徒行传19:9-10 後來,有些人心裡剛硬不信,在眾人面前毀謗這道,保羅就離開他們,也叫門徒與他們分離,便在推喇奴的學房天天辯論。這樣有兩年之久,叫一切住在亞西亞的,無論是猶太人,是希利尼人,都聽見主的道。

虽然保罗并没有亲自到老底嘉传道,福音可能有以巴弗带到老底嘉。Colossians 2:1 I want you to know how hard I am contending for you and for those at Laodicea, and for all who have not met me personally. Colossians 4:13-16 13 I vouch for him that he is working hard for you and for those at Laodicea and Hierapolis. 14 Our dear friend Luke, the doctor, and Demas send greetings. 15 Give my greetings to the brothers and sisters at Laodicea, and to Nympha and the church in her house.16 After this letter has been read to you, see that it is also read in the church of the Laodiceans and that you in turn read the letter from Laodicea. Revelation 3:14-22 To the Church in Laodicea 14 “To the angel of the church in Laodicea write: These are the words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the ruler of God’s creation. 15 I know your deeds, that you are neither cold nor hot. I wish you were either one or the other! 16 So, because you are lukewarm—neither hot nor cold—I am about to spit you out of my mouth. 17 You say, ‘I am rich; I have acquired wealth and do not need a thing.’ But you do not realize that you are wretched, pitiful, poor, blind and naked. 18 I counsel you to buy from me gold refined in the fire, so you can become rich; and white clothes to wear, so you can cover your shameful nakedness; and salve to put on your eyes, so you can see. 19 Those whom I love I rebuke and discipline. So be earnest and repent. 20 Here I am! I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in and eat with that person, and they with me. 21 To the one who is victorious, I will give the right to sit with me on my throne, just as I was victorious and sat down with my Father on his throne. 22 Whoever has ears, let them hear what the Spirit says to the churches.”

老底嘉是一世纪的大城,所以使徒约翰写启示录时,也写给老底嘉教会。363年,一个重要的教会会议在老底嘉举行,定下老底嘉法规(The Canons of Laodicea). 494年老底嘉经历一次严重的地震,终于在14世纪被彻底弃置,由建于温泉旁的Denizli城取代。

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2、 非拉铁非(Philadelphia)

现名Alasehir。Philadelphia的意思是弟兄相爱。主前二世纪属于Lydia区,由别迦摩王欧曼尼斯二世(Eumenes II)和弟弟亚托劳斯二世(Attalus II)共同开发,弟弟对兄长十分忠诚,所以它又称非亚铁非。主后17年发生过一次地震,毁了这个城。于是很少居民住在城内,都住在城外的农地上,以耕种为业。现今Philadelphia唯一存留的是主后600年的Church of St. John.

philadelphia

Source: http://ferrelljenkins.wordpress.com/2008/06/06/philadelphia-the-church-with-an-open-door/

3、 撒狄 Sardis

现名Sart. 曾是Lydia王朝的首都,波斯帝国的重要城市,罗马帝国的殖民总督所在地,拜占庭时代的重要大都市。现在撒狄存留的主要建筑有竞技场(gymnasium)、会堂(synoguge)和拜占庭的商店(byzantine shops)

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4、 士每拿 Smyrna

士每拿是爱琴海地区最古老的城市之一,距今有5000年的历史。它的地点位于今天的Izmir市。Izmire有两百万人口,是土耳其的第三大城市。在出口贸易方面,Izmir仅次于伊斯坦布尔。

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