2013信仰之旅(15): 《启示录》的七个教会之"以弗所(Ephesus)"和”别迦摩(Pergamos)”


以弗所(Ephesus)是希腊及罗马时代的重要城市。这座城以供奉希腊女神阿蒂米丝(Artemis)闻名。Acts19:27-2827 And there is danger not only that this trade of ours may come into disrepute but also that the temple of the great goddess Artemis may be counted as nothing, and that she may even be deposed from her magnificence, she whom all Asia and the world worship.”28 When they heard this they were enraged and were crying out, “Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!”

以弗所最辉煌的时候,城中有阿蒂米丝神庙、Celsus图书馆,还有可以容纳25000人的露天剧院。Acts 19:29 29 Soon the whole city was in an uproar. The people seized Gaius and Aristarchus, Paul’s traveling companions from Macedonia, and all of them rushed into the theater together.阿蒂米丝神庙是古代世界七大奇景之一,但现在只剩下一根柱子了。

IMG_3142

Celsus图书馆还蛮像样的(见下图)

IMG_3080

 

 

大剧院建于公元前三世纪,可容25000人,是希腊罗马时代最大的剧院。

theater保罗第一次到以弗所是在第二次布道之旅离开哥林多,坐船回叙利亚时,Aquila和Priscilla夫妇与他同行,到了以弗所,保罗就把他们留在那里,自己进了会堂,和犹太人辩论,住了些日子,就从那里坐船,在该撒利亚下船,结束第二次旅行布道。

公元53-57年,保罗又来到以弗所(Acts 19:1-40),并且在那里工作了三年(Acts 20:17-38)。公元60年,保罗在罗马坐监,写了以弗所书给当地教会,揭示“教会是基督的身体”。

当保罗被囚释放后,保罗要提摩太留下来牧养以弗所教会,要他特别注意假教师的问题(提摩太前书1)。

以弗所与使徒约翰也有渊源:约翰晚年住在以弗所,牧养该教区的教会。他是十二师徒中最后殉道,所以以长老的身份,在公元80年写了约翰一二三书。95年,他被放逐到拔摩海岛写启示录时,以弗所也是他所提到的第一间教会。

和以弗所相关的经文有:

Acts 18:24-2824 Meanwhile a Jew named Apollos, a native of Alexandria, came to Ephesus. He was a learned man, with a thorough knowledge of the Scriptures. 25 He had been instructed in the way of the Lord, and he spoke with great fervor[a] and taught about Jesus accurately, though he knew only the baptism of John. 26 He began to speak boldly in the synagogue. When Priscilla and Aquila heard him, they invited him to their home and explained to him the way of God more adequately. 27 When Apollos wanted to go to Achaia, the brothers and sisters encouraged him and wrote to the disciples there to welcome him. When he arrived, he was a great help to those who by grace had believed. 28 For he vigorously refuted his Jewish opponents in public debate, proving from the Scriptures that Jesus was the Messiah.

Acts 19:1-35

Acts 20:17-35

1 Corinthians 15:32 If I fought wild beasts in Ephesus with no more than human hopes, what have I gained? If the dead are not raised, “Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die.”

1 Corinthians 16:8 But I will stay on at Ephesus until Pentecost,

1 Timothy 1:3 As I urged you when I went into Macedonia, stay there in Ephesus so that you may command certain people not to teach false doctrines any longer

2 Timothy 1:18May the Lord grant that he will find mercy from the Lord on that day! You know very well in how many ways he helped me in Ephesus.

2 Timothy 4:12 I sent Tychicus to Ephesus.

Revelation 2:1“To the angel[a] of the church in Ephesus write:

下一站,我们去了别迦摩(Pergamos)。这个城市亚细亚文化的中心,它的图书馆有二十万藏书,全写在羊皮卷上。羊皮卷的英文是parchment,即从别迦摩Pergamum一名而来。别迦摩人崇拜一个名叫Asclepios的神,它被认为是“医病之神”。很多病人在Asclepios庙沉睡后,这个神便在梦中施医。求医者在一块石板上写上自己的名字,病情,病好后就将石板放在庙中做纪念。圣经中针对此事,有一句经文。

启示录 2:17 ...我還要賜給他一塊白石頭,石頭上有一個寫好的新名字,除了那領受的人以外,沒有人認識這名字。

另外,Asclepios徽号为“蛇”,别迦摩的铜币以蛇为像。在基督教里,蛇代表魔鬼,所以别迦摩也有撒旦座位之说。Revelation 2:13 I know where you live—where Satan has his throne.

IMG_3184熊咬在别迦摩

圣经中和别迦摩相关的经文有:

Revelation 2:12-17 To the Church in Pergamum 12 “To the angel of the church in Pergamum write: These are the words of him who has the sharp, double-edged sword. 13 I know where you live—where Satan has his throne. Yet you remain true to my name. You did not renounce your faith in me, not even in the days of Antipas, my faithful witness, who was put to death in your city—where Satan lives. 14 Nevertheless, I have a few things against you: There are some among you who hold to the teaching of Balaam, who taught Balak to entice the Israelites to sin so that they ate food sacrificed to idols and committed sexual immorality. 15 Likewise, you also have those who hold to the teaching of the Nicolaitans. 16 Repent therefore! Otherwise, I will soon come to you and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth. 17 Whoever has ears, let them hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To the one who is victorious, I will give some of the hidden manna. I will also give that person a white stone with a new name written on it, known only to the one who receives it.

启示录的七个教会中,我们没有去推雅推喇(Thyatira),下次有机会再去吧。

 

 

 

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