2013信仰之旅(18): 雅典(Athens)、卫城(Acropolis)、亚略巴谷(Areopagus)和哥林多(Corinth)


雅典是希腊最大的城市,有着长达3000多年的历史。苏格拉底等等哲学家、政治家和文学家都出生或居住于雅典,因此这个城市又被称为“西方文明的摇篮”。

Acts 17:15-1615 Those who escorted Paul brought him to Athens and then left with instructions for Silas and Timothy to join him as soon as possible.16 While Paul was waiting for them in Athens, he was greatly distressed to see that the city was full of idols.

1 Thessalonians 3:1 So when we could stand it no longer, we thought it best to be left by ourselves in Athens.

IMG_3289雅典卫城(Acropolis)是世界新七大奇迹之一,Acropolis是高处的城市的意思,是祭祀雅典守护神雅典娜的神圣地。Acropolis包括四个古希腊艺术建筑杰作:巴特农神庙、卫城山门、艾瑞克提恩神庙、雅典娜胜利女神神庙。

acropolis卫城(Acropolis)两边是隆起的山丘是亚略巴谷(Areopagus),意为雅典战神亚略的山。

Acts 17:19 Then they took him and brought him to a meeting of the Areopagus, where they said to him, “May we know what this new teaching is that you are presenting? 20 You are bringing some strange ideas to our ears, and we would like to know what they mean.” 21 (All the Athenians and the foreigners who lived there spent their time doing nothing but talking about and listening to the latest ideas.)22 Paul then stood up in the meeting of the Areopagus and said: “People of Athens! I see that in every way you are very religious. 23 For as I walked around and looked carefully at your objects of worship, I even found an altar with this inscription: to an unknown god. So you are ignorant of the very thing you worship—and this is what I am going to proclaim to you.

接着,我们去了哥林多(Corinth)。在罗马人统治下,哥林多成为希腊南部的省会城市。(见使徒行传18章——In Corinth)。哥林多以其财富、奢侈、和人民不道德的生活习惯著称,有大量罗马人、希腊人和犹太人混居。

保罗在第二次旅行布道离开雅典后来到哥林多(Acts 18:1 After this, Paul left Athens and went to Corinth),在这里他遇见亚居拉夫妇,就与他们一同制造帐篷为业。每逢安息日,保罗在会堂里辩论,劝化犹太人和希腊人。保罗在哥林多住了一年零六个月,后来Gallio做Achaia地方总督的时候(Acts 18:12 While Gallio was proconsul of Achaia, the Jews of Corinth made a united attack on Paul and brought him to the place of judgment) ,因犹太人强烈的攻击,保罗就与亚居拉夫妇一同离开哥林多,在以弗所留下亚居拉夫妇,自己结束第二次旅行返回安提阿。

当亚波罗从以弗所来到哥林多的时候,保罗又去了以弗所(Acts 19:1 While Apollos was at Corinth, Paul took the road through the interior and arrived at Ephesus. There he found some disciples)。这期间他写了哥林多前书, 并请提摩太送去(Acts 16:But I will stay on at Ephesus until Pentecost)。但信送出了以后,保罗又抄近道,从以弗所乘水路直奔哥林多。可惜哥林多人没有太大的转变,为此他又写了一封信,托提多带去(2 Corinthians 2:4 For I wrote you out of great distress and anguish of heart and with many tears, not to grieve you but to let you know the depth of my love for you.)后来他遭遇迫害离开以弗所(Acts 19:23-41,2 Corinthians 1:8-11),便转到马其顿(Acts 20:1 When the uproar had ended, Paul sent for the disciples and, after encouraging them, said goodbye and set out for Macedonia),在那里写了哥林多后书,然后来到希腊哥林多,住了三个月,在AD57年,写了罗马书。

IMG_3319哥林多运河

至此,熊咬的2013信仰之旅就结束了。旅游了2周,走过了3个国家(以色列,土耳其,希腊),写了4个月的博客(7月到11月),收获颇丰,堪称 Trip of a lifetime.

 

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